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Quick non-legal guide to Canadian immigration

So you want to come to Canada and work, learn or other? We listed 11 steps that you

can take into consideration before you start the process.


Immigrating to Canada involves several key steps that need to be followed to ensure a successful application and transition. Here are the fundamental steps to immigrate to Canada:


  1. Determine Your Eligibility: Assess your eligibility for Canadian immigration by reviewing the various immigration programs, such as the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP), Canadian Experience Class (CEC), Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs), or Family Sponsorship. Consider factors like age, education, work experience, language proficiency, and adaptability.
  2. Research and Choose an Immigration Pathway: Research and select the most suitable immigration pathway based on your qualifications and goals. Understand the requirements, benefits, and processing times for each program, including the Express Entry system, Provincial Nominee Programs, Family Sponsorship, or other available options.
  3. Language Proficiency and Educational Credential Assessment (ECA): Take language proficiency tests, such as the IELTS or CELPIP, to demonstrate your English or French language skills. Additionally, depending on the immigration program, you may need to obtain an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) to validate your foreign education credentials.
  4. Create an Express Entry Profile: If applying through the Express Entry system, create an online profile to enter the candidate pool. The profile includes information on age, education, work experience, language proficiency, and other factors. Your profile is assigned a Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score, which determines your ranking among other candidates.
  5. Receive an Invitation to Apply (ITA): Candidates with high CRS scores are invited to apply for permanent residency through regular draws conducted by the Canadian government. If you receive an ITA, you can proceed with the next step.
  6. Submit the Permanent Residence Application: Prepare and submit a complete application for permanent residency within the specified timeframe. Provide accurate and comprehensive information, including personal background, education, work experience, language proficiency, and supporting documents. Pay the necessary fees and submit the application online or by mail.
  7. Undergo Medical Examinations and Obtain Police Certificates: Attend medical examinations conducted by authorized panel physicians to assess your overall health and ensure you meet the health requirements. Obtain police certificates from countries where you have resided to demonstrate good character and no criminal history.
  8. Biometrics and Interview: Provide biometric data (fingerprints and photograph) at a designated biometric collection center. Depending on the program and application, you may be required to attend an interview to further assess your eligibility.
  9. Wait for Application Processing and Decision: After submitting your application, it will undergo processing by the relevant Canadian immigration authorities. The processing times can vary depending on the program and other factors. Stay updated with the status of your application and provide any additional requested information or documentation.
  10. Receive Confirmation of Permanent Residence (COPR): If your application is approved, you will receive a Confirmation of Permanent Residence (COPR). This document allows you to proceed with the final step.
  11. Land in Canada and Obtain your Permanent Resident Card: Once you have your COPR, make arrangements to land in Canada within the specified timeframe. At the port of entry, present your COPR, undergo a final eligibility check, and obtain your Permanent Resident Card (PR Card).


It’s important to note that the Canadian immigration process can be complex, and it’s advisable to seek professional guidance from immigration consultants or lawyers to ensure you meet all requirements and have the best chance of success. Be careful when picking an immigration consultant and get a few quotes before making a decision.